“Inside or Outside”

The Container Schema of High and Low Barrier Personalities. And Remarks on Covid-19

  • Laura A. Cariola University of Edinburgh


By relating the exterior-interior model of body boundary awareness to Lakoff & Johnson’s (1999) in-out orientation of container-schematic conceptualisations, this study aims to explore the use of container-schematic imagery in the autobiographical memories of High and Low Barrier Personalities. The results of this study are based on a corpus of everyday autobiographical memories (N =488) and dream memories (N=450). The results demonstrated that, in both memory types, High Barrier personalities used more semantic fields representing concrete and metaphorical container-schematic imagery (Johnson, 1987), suggesting that container metaphors are similar to the Barrier personality construct. The results are discussed also in reference to the social distancing during the Covid-19 pandemic.


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How to Cite
Cariola, L. (2020). “Inside or Outside”. Language and Psychoanalysis, 9(2), 28-55. https://doi.org/10.7565/landp.v9i2.5265
Original Articles